Planety Planety Księżyce I Księżyce I

Dane fizyczne księżyców

Nazwa Półoś wielka Okres
obiegu
[dni]*
Średnica
[km]
Jasność
[mag]
Odkrywca,
rok odkrycia
w tys km. w prom.
planety
Ziemia (1)
Księżyc
384.460.268 27d.32173476-12m.55-
Mars (2)
Fobos
Deimos
9.378
23.459
2.76
6.91
0.319
1.263
27×21.4×19.2
15×12×11
11.3
12.4
Hall, 1877
Hall, 1877
Jowisz (67)
Metis
Adrastea
Amaltea
Tebe
Io
Europa
Ganimedes
Kallisto
Temisto
Leda
Himalia
Lizytea
Elara
S/2000 J11
Karpo
S/2003 J12
Euporie
S/2011 J1
S/2003 J3
S/2010 J2
S/2003 J18
Orthosie
Euanthe
Harpalyke
Praxidike
Thyone
S/2003 J16
Mneme
Hermippe
Thelxinoe
Helike
Jokasta
Ananke
S/2003 J15
Eurydome
Arche
Herse
Pasithee
S/2003 J10
Chaldene
Isonoe
Kale
Erinome
S/2010 J1
S/2011 J2
S/2003 J9
Karme
Sponde
S/2003 J5
S/2003 J19
S/2003 J23
Kalyke
Pazyfae
Eukelade
Taygete
S/2003 J4
Sinope
Hegemone
Cyllene
Aoede
Kore
Kallichore
Autonoe
Aitne
Callirrhoe
Magaclite
S/2003 J2
127.96
129.00
181.40
221.90
421.60
670.90
1 070.60
1 883.00
7 507.00
11 165.00
11 461.00
11 717.00
11 741.00
12 555.00
16 989.00
17 582.00
19 304.00
20 155.00
20 221.00
20 307.00
20 514.00
20 720.00
20 797.00
20 858.00
20 907.00
20 939.00
20 957.00
21 069.00
21 131.00
21 162.00
21 263.00
21 269.00
21 276.00
22 627.00
22 865.00
22 931.00
22 992.00
23 004.00
23 041.00
23 100.00
23 155.00
23 217.00
23 279.00
23 314.00
23 329.00
23 384.00
23 404.00
23 487.00
23 495.00
23 533.00
23 563.00
23 566.00
23 624.00
23 661.00
23 800.00
23 930.00
23 939.00
23 947.00
23 951.00
23 981.00
24 011.00
24 043.00
24 046.00
24 046.00
24 103.00
24 493.00
29 541.00
1.79
1.81
2.54
3.11
5.90
9.40
14.99
26.37
105.14
156.38
160.52
164.11
164.44
175.85
237.95
246.25
270.37
282.26
283.22
284.39
287.32
290.20
291.28
292.14
292.82
293.27
293.52
295.09
295.96
296.39
297.81
297.89
297.99
316.91
320.25
321.17
322.03
322.19
322.71
323.54
324.31
325.18
326.05
326.50
326.71
327.52
327.80
328.96
329.07
329.60
330.02
330.07
330.88
331.40
333.34
335.16
335.29
335.40
335.46
335.88
336.30
336.75
336.79
336.79
337.59
343.05
413.75
0.30
0.30
0.50
0.67
1.76
3.55
7.16
16.69
130.02
240.50
250.56
259.20
259.64
286.95
456.10
-489.50
-550.74
-582.20
-583.88
-588.10
-596.59
-622.56
-620.49
-623.31
-625.38
-627.21
-616.36
-620.04
-633.90
-628.03
-634.77
-631.50
-629.77
-687.77
-717.33
-723.90
-616.36
-719.44
-716.25
-723.70
-726.25
-729.47
-728.30
-724.30
-725.06
-733.29
-734.17
-748.34
-738.73
-740.42
-732.44
-742.03
-743.63
-746.39
-732.41
-755.24
-758.90
-739.60
-751.94
-761.50
-779.18
-764.73
-760.95
-760.95
-758.77
-752.88
-979.99
43
26×20×16
262×146×134
110×90
3 643
3 122
5 262
4 821
8
20
170
36
86
4
3
1
2
0.5
2
1
2
2
3
4
7
4
2
2
4
2
4
5
28
2
3
3
2
2
2
4
4
2
3
2
0.5
1
46
2
4
2
2
5
60
4
5
2
38
3
2
4
2
2
4
3
9
5.4
2
17.5
18.7
14.1
16.0
5.0
5.3
4.6
5.7
21.0
19.5
14.6
18.3
16.3
22.4
23.0
23.9
23.1
?
23.4
23.9
23.4
23.1
22.8
22.2
21.2
22.3
23.3
23.3
22.1
23.5
22.6
21.8
18.8
23.5
22.7
22.8
23.4
23.2
23.6
22.5
22.5
23
22.8
23.3
?
23.7
17.6
23.0
22.4
23.7
23.6
21.8
17.0
22.6
21.9
23.0
18.1
22.9
23.2
22.5
23.6
23.7
22.0
22.7
20.7
21.7
23.2
Synott, 1979
Jewitt, 1979
Barnard, 1892
Synott, 1979
Galileusz, 1610
Galileusz, 1610
Galileusz, 1610
Galileusz, 1610
Sheppard i in., 2000
Kowal, 1974
Perrine, 1904
Nicholson, 1938
Perrine, 1904
Sheppard, Jewitt i in., 2000
Sheppard, Jewitt i in., 2003
Sheppard, 2003
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Sheppard, 2011
Sheppard i in., 2003
Veillet, 2010
Gladman i in., 2003
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Gladman i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2001
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2000
Nicholson, 1951
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Jacobson i in., 2010
Sheppard, 2010
Sheppard i in., 2002
Gladman i in., 2003
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard i in., 2003
Nicholson, 1938
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Sheppard i in., 2003
Gladman i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2000
Melotte, 1908
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard i in., 2003
Nicholson, 1914
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2003
Sheppard, 2003
Sheppard, 2003
Sheppard i in., 2003
Sheppard, 2001
Sheppard, Jewitt, Kleyna, 2001
Spahr, Scotti i in., 1999
Sheppard i in., 2000
Sheppard, 2003
Saturn (62)
S/2009 S1
Pan
Dafnis
Atlas
Prometeusz
Pandora
Epimeteusz
Janus
Aegaeon
Mimas
Methone
Anthe
Pallene
Enceladus
Tetyda (Tethys)
Telesto
Kalipso
Dione
Helena
Polideukes
Rea
Tytan
Hiperion
Japet (Iapetus)
Kiviuq
Ijiraq
Febe (Phoebe)
Paaliaq
Skathi
Albiorix
S/2007 S2
Bebhionn
Erriapo
Siarnaq
Skoll
Tarkek
Tarvos
S/2004 S13
Greip
Hyrrokkin
Mundilfari
Jarnsaksa
S/2006 S1
Narvi
S/2004 S17
Bergelmir
Suttungr
Aegir
S/2004 S12
Thrymr
Bestla
Farbauti
Hati
S/2007 S3
S/2004 S7
S/2006 S3
Surtur
Kari
Fenrir
Imir
Loge
Fornjot
117.00
133.58
136.50
137.66
139.38
141.71
151.45
151.45
167.50
185.52
194.25
197.70
212.28
238.02
294.66
294.66
294.66
377.40
377.40
377.40
527.04
1 221.83
1 464.10
3 561.30
11 110.00
11 125.00
12 944.00
15 200.00
15 539.00
16 182.00
16 560.00
16 898.40
17 342.00
17 531.00
17 565.03
17 910.60
17 982.00
18 056.30
18 065.66
18 168.29
18 418.00
18 556.91
18 930.25
19 007.00
19 099.20
19 372.20
19 459.00
19 618.40
19 905.90
19 941.00
19 958.70
20 290.80
20 303.30
20 518.50
20 576.70
21 076.29
22 243.63
22 305.09
22 610.70
23 041.00
23 142.01
23 608.90
1.94
2.21
2.26
2.28
2.31
2.35
2.51
2.51
2.67
3.08
3.22
3.28
3.52
3.95
4.88
4.88
4.88
6.26
6.26
6.26
8.74
20.25
24.27
59.03
184.15
184.40
214.55
251.95
257.57
268.22
274.49
280.10
287.45
290.59
291.15
296.88
298.06
299.29
299.45
301.15
305.29
307.59
313.78
315.05
316.58
321.10
322.54
325.18
329.95
330.53
330.83
336.33
336.54
340.11
341.07
349.35
368.70
369.72
374.78
381.92
383.59
391.33
0.47
0.58
0.60
0.60
0.61
0.63
0.69
0.69
0.81
0.94
1.01
1.03
1.15
1.37
1.89
1.89
1.89
2.74
2.74
2.74
4.52
15.95
21.28
79.33
449.22
451.47
-548.21
686.94
-728.18
783.45
-792.96
820.13
871.16
895.55
-869.14
894.86
926.11
-905.85
-906.56
-914.29
-951.56
-943.78
-972.41
-1 003.93
-985.45
-1 006.66
-1 016.66
-1 025.91
-1 048.54
-1 094.29
-1 052.72
-1 079.10
-1 080.10
-1 100.00
-1 101.99
-1 142.37
-1 238.58
-1 243.71
-1 269.36
-1 315.35
-1 314.36
-1 354.34
0.3
20
7
40×20
145×85×62
114×84×62
196×192×150
144×108×98
1.5×0.5
392
3
2
4
498
1 060
34×28×36
34×22×22
1 120
36×32×30
3.5
1 530
5 150
410×260×220
1 460
16
12
220
22
8
32
6
6
10
40
6
7
15
6
6
8
6
6
6
7
4
6
7
6
5
7
7
5
6
5
6
6
7
7
6
18
6
6
28
19.4
22.0
18.1
16.5
16.3
15.5
14.5
?
12.9
23.0
23.2
23.0
11.8
10.3
19.0
10.4
18.5
18.5
23.0
9.7
8.4
14.2
10.0
22.0
22.6
16.5
21.3
20.5
20.5
24.0
24.1
23.0
20.1
24.5
24.5
22.1
24.5
24.4
23.5
23.8
24.5
24.5
23.9
25.2
24.1
23.9
24.4
24.8
23.9
23.8
24.7
24.4
24.5
24.5
24.6
24.8
23.9
25.0
21.7
24.6
24.6
CIST**, 2009
Showalter (Voyager 2), 1990
CIST**, 2005
Terrile (Voyager 1), 1980
Collins (Voyager 1), 1980
Collins (Voyager 1), 1980
Dollfus, Walker, 1966
Dollfus, 1966
CIST**, 2008
Herschel, 1789
CIST**, 2004
CIST**, 2007
CIST**, 2004
Herschel, 1789
Cassini, 1684
Smith, Reitsema i in., 1980
Pascu, Seidelman i in., 1980
Cassini, 1684
Laques i Lecacheux, 1980
CIST**, 2004
Cassini, 1672
Huygens, 1655
Bond, Bond i Lassell, 1848
Cassini, 1671
Gladman i in., 2000
Kavelaars i Gladman, 2000
Pickering, 1899
Gladman i in., 2000
Kavelaars i Gladman, 2000
Holman i Spahr, 2000
Sheppard i in., 2007
Sheppard i in., 2004
Kavelaars i Gladman, 2000
Gladman i Kavelaars, 2000
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2007
Kavelaars i Gladman, 2000
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2004
Gladman i Kavelaars, 2000
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i Jewitt, 2003
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2004
Gladman i Kavelaars, 2000
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2004
Gladman i Kavelaars, 2000
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2007
Sheppard i in., 2004
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2004
Gladman i in., 2000
Sheppard i in., 2006
Sheppard i in., 2004
Uran (27)
Kordelia
Ofelia
Bianka
Kresyda
Desdemona
Julia
Porcja
Rozalinda
Kupid
Belinda
Perdyta
Puk
Mab
Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Tytania
Oberon
Francisco
Kaliban
Stefano
Trinkulo
Sykoraks
Margaret
Prospero
Setebos
Ferdynand
49.77
53.79
59.17
61.78
62.68
64.35
66.09
69.94
74.80
75.26
76.42
86.01
97.73
129.39
191.02
266.30
435.91
583.52
4 276.00
7 231.00
8 004.00
8 504.00
12 179.00
14 345.00
16 256.00
17 418.00
20 901.00
1.90
2.05
2.26
2.36
2.39
2.47
2.52
2.67
2.86
2.87
2.92
3.28
3.73
4.95
7.30
10.15
16.64
22.24
163.21
275.99
305.50
324.58
464.85
547.52
620.46
664.81
797.75
0.336
0.377
0.435
0.465
0.476
0.494
0.515
0.560
0.618
0.624
0.638
0.764
0.923
1.413
2.520
4.144
8.706
13.463
-266.6
-579.7
-677.4
-759.0
-1 288.3
1 694.8
-1 977.3
-2 234.8
-2 823.4
50×36
54×38
64×46
92×74
90×54
150×74
156×126
72
18
128×64
27
162
25
472
1 158
1 170
1 578
1 523
12
98
20
10
190
11
30
30
12
23.1
22.8
22.0
21.1
21.5
20.6
19.9
21.3
26
21.0
24.0
19.2
26.0
15.3
13.2
14.0
13.0
13.2
25.0
22.4
24.1
25.4
20.8
25.2
23.2
23.3
25.1
Terille (Voyager 2), 1986
Terille (Voyager 2), 1986
Smith (Voyager 2), 1986
Synott (Voyager 2), 1986
Synott (Voyager 2), 1986
Synott (Voyager 2), 1986
Synott (Voyager 2), 1986
Synott (Voyager 2), 1986
Showalter, Lissauer, 2003
Synott (Voyager 2), 1986
Karkoschka (Voyager 2), 1999
Synott (Voyager 2), 1985
Showalter, 2003
Kuiper, 1948
Lassell, 1851
Lassell, 1851
Herschell, 1787
Herschell, 1787
Holman, Gladman, 2003
Gladman i in., 1997
Gladman i in., 1999
Holman i in., 2001
Gladman i in., 1997
Sheppard, 2003
Holman i in., 1999
Kavelaars i in., 1999
Holman i in., 2001
Neptun (14)
Najada
Talassa
Despina
Galatea
Larissa
S/2004 N1
Proteusz
Tryton
Nereida
Halimede
Sao
Laomeda
Psamathe
Neso
48.20
50.00
52.50
62.00
73.60
105.3
117.60
354.50
5 510.66
15 728.00
22 422.00
23 571.00
46 695.00
48 387.00
1.94
2.02
2.12
2.50
2.97
4.24
4.75
14.33
222.65
638.70
910.60
957.20
1 896.30
1 965.00
0.30
0.31
0.33
0.45
0.55
0.94
1.12
-5.88
359.40
-1 879.71
2 914.07
3 167.85
-9 115.91
-9 373.99
96×60×52
108×100×52
180×150×130
204×184×144
216×204×168
15
436×416×402
2 707
340
60
38
38
28
60
24.1
23.4
22.0
22.0
21.5
26.5
20.0
13.0
19.2
24.5
25.4
25.4
25.6
24.6
Terrile (Voyager 2), 1989
Terrile (Voyager 2), 1989
Synnott (Voyager 2), 1989
Synnott (Voyager 2), 1989
Reitsema i in., 1981
Showalter, 2013
Synnott (Voyager 2), 1989
Lasell, 1846
Kuiper, 1949
Holman, Kavelaars, 2002
Holman, Kavelaars, 2002
Holman, Kavelaars, 2002
Jewitt, Kleyna, Sheppard, 2003
Holman, Kavelaars, 2002

* Wartość ujemna oznacza, że ruch obiegowy odbywa się w kierunku przeciwnym niż w przypadku pozostałych satelitów planety (ruch wsteczny).

** Cassini Imaging Science Team.


Planety Planety Księżyce I Księżyce I